Uses of Gerund

Gerung (герундий) - это неличная форма глагола, обладающая признаками как глагола, так и существительного. Подобной формы в русском языке нет. Герундий образовывается при помощи окончания –ing.

e.g. swim – swimming 

        wake – waking

Отрицательная форма герундия образуется при помощи отрицательной частицы not, которая ставится перед формой герундия: not swimming, not waking up.

Герундий используется:

1)      После некоторых глаголов(admit, appreciate, avoid, carry on, consider, defer, delay, deny, detest, dislike, endure, enjoy, escape, excuse, face, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, can't help, imagine, involve, leave off, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, put off, report, resent, risk, can't stand, suggest, understand)

e.g. I don’t mind washing up.

2)      В роли подлежащего:

e.g. Swimming is good for you.

3)      После предлогов(to, up, about, etc.)

e.g. He decided to give up smoking.

 

  •  После некоторых глаголов может использоваться как герундий так и инфинитив без особой разницы в значении.(begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start)

e.g. It started to snow.

        It started snowing.

              

 

   Exercise 1.

Put the verb in the correct form.

1)      I enjoy (travel) in the spring when it’s not very hot.

2)      She’s afraid of (speak) to new people.

3)      (tidy) the cupboard makes me feel very nervous.

4)      Tim doesn’t mind (do) all housework and he always helps his wife.

5)      They gave up (smoke) a few days ago.

6)      Why do you avoid (meet) me?

7)      (do) sport always helps me to relax and forget about my problems.

 

 

 

 

Answers: 1.travelling, 2.speaking, 3.tidying, 4.doing, 5.smoking, 6.meeting, 7.doing.

 

 

 

   Exercise 2.

Put the words in the correct order.

1)      Out               she                crying              burst

2)      Football                can                     exciting                watching               be              really.

3)      Computers                   his                repairing              business            is

4)      Thinking                flat                Margaret              of              buying              a new                        was

5)      Finished                   she                 the            dishes                  has                  yet                 washing?

6)      Forward                holiday                    I’m                         with                 looking           to              you              on              go

7)      To be                 she                   serious            tried                couldn’t                but               help               she              laughing

 

 

 

Answers: 1. She burst out crying. 2. Watching football can be really exciting. 3. Repairing computers is his business. 4. Margaret was thinking of buying a new flat. 5. Has she finished washing the dishes yet? 6. I’m looking forward to going on holiday with you. 7. She tried to be serious, but she couldn’t help laughing.

 

 

 

 

   Exercise 3.

Put the verb in the correct form – gerund or infinitive.

1)      Excuse me for (break) your favorite cup.

2)      I am so sorry; I forgot (invite) you to my party.

3)      We finished (write) a report two hours ago.

4)      He offered me (go) to the sea with him.

5)      Go on (do) your homework.

6)      We need (get) there before midnight.

7)      Carlos decided (marry) Jane and nothing could stop him.

 

 

 

 

Answers: 1.breaking, 2.to invite, 3.writing, 4.to go, 5.doing, 6.to get, 7.to marry.

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